10 national plans for the promotion of medicinal plants
TEHRAN — Ten national plans have been set out to promote the cultivation of medicinal plant production and consumption, according to the Vice Presidency for Science and Technology.
The vice presidency for science and technology has taken technological steps to make this ancient industry flourish in the country. These measures include the development of a promotional package to develop the production and use of these products.
“Use the capacity of national media and support national and international exhibitions and festivals in the field of medicinal plants” and “Use the capacity of education to promote the importance of medicinal plants in primary to secondary education” are among other actions.
In addition, “the promotion of culture and the reform of society’s attitude towards traditional medicine and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle” and “the establishment of a database of available traditional medicines and “establishing a system for registering traditional and herbal medicines and providing pharmaceutical information” were also implemented.
Iranian traditional medicine is one of the oldest forms of traditional medicine. It is based on the concept of the four senses of humor: phlegm (Balgham), blood (Dam), yellow bile (Safra’) and black bile (Sauda’). The concept of the four senses of humor is based on the teachings of Rhazes and Avicenna in an elaborate medical system.
Iranian traditional medicine has a strong focus on prioritizing health maintenance and disease prevention over treatment.
8,000 species of plants grow in Iran
So far, about 30,000 plant species are identified in the world, with Iran’s share of about 8,000 species its plant diversity is higher than the whole of Europe.
Currently, about 2,300 species of medicinal plants have been identified in the country, which accounts for one-third of the medicines used in human societies, the share of global trade in these products is about 124 billion dollars, and the share of l Iran is $570 million, or just 0.5% of the total.
The per capita consumption of medicinal plants in Iran is about one kilogram of dried plants, i.e. 83,000 tons of medicinal plants worth 1,200 billion rials (about 29 million dollars in official rate of 42,000 rials) are consumed in the country, while in Europe this amount is 900 grams, and in the United States is 2.5 kilograms.