40,500 ha more in the cultivation of medicinal plants
TEHRAN – The Ministry of Agriculture has announced plans to expand the area of land under cultivation of medicinal plants by 40,500 hectares during the current [Iranian calendar] year (started March 21), the IRIB reported on Sunday.
Hossein Zeinali, head of cultivation project at the Ministry of Agriculture, said that plants such as saffron, Damask rose, cumin, caraway, licorice, shallot, mallow, henna, thyme, fennel flower, coriander and hops are the country’s main medicinal plants. the project.
These plants meet domestic needs, so it is planned to improve the quality and productivity of these herbs, which will result in an increase in the added value of the products, he explained.
According to statistics, about 70% of people in the world consume medicinal plants and medicinal plants.
The global industry has a large market in the world and forecasts indicate that by 2050, the export value of this industry will reach $5 trillion.
In Iran, the area cultivated with medicinal plants has reached more than 250,000 hectares, according to the latest statistics released by the Vice President for Science and Technology.
Other measures in this area include increasing the number of knowledge-based and creative enterprises to 700, increasing health centers to 60, and producing more than 5,000 herbal products.
Persian traditional medicine
Iranian traditional medicine is one of the oldest forms of traditional medicine. It is based on the concept of the four senses of humor: phlegm (Balgham), blood (Dam), yellow bile (Safra’) and black bile (Sauda’). The concept of the four senses of humor is based on the teachings of Rhazes and Avicenna in an elaborate medical system.
Iranian traditional medicine has a strong focus on prioritizing health maintenance and disease prevention over treatment.
So far, about 30,000 plant species are identified in the world, with Iran’s share of about 8,000 species, its plant diversity is higher than that of the whole of Europe.
Currently, about 2,300 species of medicinal plants have been identified in the country, which accounts for one-third of the medicines used in human societies, the share of global trade in these products is about 124 billion dollars, and the share of l Iran is $570 million, or just 0.5% of the total.
The per capita consumption of medicinal plants in Iran is about one kilogram of dried plants, i.e. 83,000 tons of medicinal plants worth 1,200 billion rials (about 29 million dollars in official rate of 42,000 rials) are consumed in the country, while in Europe this amount is 900 grams, and in the United States is 2.5 kilograms.