Mexico is a paradise for medicinal plants, second in the world
Mexico has a great floral wealth with 4,500 species. It ranks second in the world in the register of plants for medicinal use, only after China, said science professor, Balbina Vázquez Benítez, who pointed out that 90% of the population uses or has used a medicinal plant; however, only 5% of species have scientific studies.
In addition, the researcher of the Faculty of Higher Studies ( FES ) of Zaragoza, of UNAM, said that the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) has documented 3,000 species of medicinal plants, despite the fact that the Mexico has 4,500.
In the Dialogue program of the National Institute of Forestry, Agricultural and Livestock Research (Inifap), of the Ministry of Agriculture, it was said that the country has an enormous wealth of plants for medicinal use.
But further studies, identifications and protocols are needed for its propagation and production, in addition to avoiding overexploitation and damage caused by the loss of ecosystems.
Professor Vázquez also suggested that around 250 native and exotic species are in trade, most of which come from the wild, for which it is necessary to have comprehensive establishment plans in protocols for their propagation and production in order to expand diversity.
And Inifap researcher and plant biotechnology specialist Salvador Horacio Guzmán Maldonado warned that when the medicinal use of certain plants is excessively promoted, there is a risk of overexploitation and species extinction.
He said its uses must be considered so as not to harm the environment. Overexploitation can wipe out native plants.
The researcher of the Institute of Biology of UNAM, Sol Cristians Niizawa, considered that the recovery of the traditional recognition of medicinal plants should be reassessed and regularized, through regulations and official documents, the possibility of producing and market remedies. and medicinal plants.
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He believed that TK should be saved. And he recalled that there are official standards such as the Herbal Pharmacopoeia of the United Mexican States, which has more monographs of plants from other parts of the world, but which are used here.
Dr. Abel Cruz, from Bionatura, said that Mexican herbalism is a paradise, with a fundamental inventory. He argued that there is a misuse of herbal medicines, so learning about their use should be encouraged.
He considered essential the funding of scientific research for the identification and recovery, use and effects of medicinal plants. “This opens up the possibility of educating people about its benefits.”
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