Phytochemicals found in medicinal plants that are beneficial to humans
The use of medicinal plants can greatly help you to prevent many diseases. Medicinal plants have been used for a long time in the field of health and have led to the production of herbal medicines. Various phytochemicals are found in plants and are used in health care to make drugs and medicines.
What are medicinal plants?
Medicinal plants are herbs rich in medicinal properties; people have been using these herbs since prehistoric times. Their history dates back to 3000 BCE when they were first discovered in a Sumerian civilization tabloid. The main benefit they provide is the prevention of certain diseases, although the effectiveness of these plants is still unknown. Various studies and researches are being done on herbal medicines to know how beneficial they are to us.
Plants produce phytochemicals and other biochemicals and enzymes to form defense mechanisms against insects, herbivorous animals, and disease. These phytochemicals are used as drugs and other pharmacological uses.
Chemicals found in medicinal plants:
Alkaloids are natural nitrogen compounds, widely present in the plant kingdom. Many of them have medicinal properties which are used in the treatment of various diseases like malaria, diabetes, cancer, heart dysfunctions etc. They are also antiplatelet agents that help platelet-related blood conditions.
Glycosides are often present in medicinal plants such as aloe vera, rhubarb, cascara, etc. They are used as cardiac glycosides, including digoxin and digitoxin. Glycosides are powerful drugs and support the beating of the heart.
Terpenes or terpenoids are the phytochemicals found in various plants such as medicinal and resinous. They have a strong aroma that keeps herbivores away. Their scent makes them useful in making essential oils and perfumes. Some terpenoids also have antiseptic properties and are used in medicines.
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