Recovery plan for indigenous medicinal plants on the agenda

TEHRAN — A national plan will be implemented by the Vice Presidency for Science and Technology to develop botanical gardens to revive native medicinal plants, IRNA reported on Saturday.

By identifying indigenous and unique medicinal plants in different regions of the country, the groundwork for the development and revival of these products is provided.

In this regard, the Vice Presidency for Science and Technology seeks to develop and revive botanical gardens and indigenous medicinal plants in different regions of the country.

Around 30,000 plant species are identified worldwide, with Iran’s share of around 8,000 species. Protecting these valuable biological resources in the country can contribute to the economic prosperity of cities and towns, as well as the creation of local and sustainable businesses in these regions.

The development and revitalization of botanical gardens and five development projects will be piloted in the cities of Mashhad, Gonabad and Alamut, as well as in the provinces of Kohgiluyeh-Boyerahmad and Lorestan.

In the next step, a plan for collecting indigenous and endangered medicinal plants will be implemented in the province of Kerman.

In October, the Vice Presidency for Science and Technology registered 120 national standards for herbal medicines and traditional medicine to improve product quality.

In September, ten national plans were defined to promote the cultivation of production and consumption of medicinal plants by the vice-presidency for science and technology.

Iranian traditional medicine is one of the oldest forms of traditional medicine. It is based on the concept of the four senses of humor: phlegm (Balgham), blood (Dam), yellow bile (Safra’) and black bile (Sauda’). The concept of the four senses of humor is based on the teachings of Rhazes and Avicenna in an elaborate medical system.

Iranian traditional medicine has a strong focus on prioritizing health maintenance and disease prevention over treatment.

8,000 species of plants grow in Iran

So far, about 30,000 plant species are identified in the world, with Iran’s share of about 8,000 species its plant diversity is higher than the whole of Europe.

Currently, about 2,300 species of medicinal plants have been identified in the country, which accounts for one-third of the medicines used in human societies, the share of global trade in these products is about 124 billion dollars, and the share of l Iran is $570 million, or just 0.5% of the total.

The per capita consumption of medicinal plants in Iran is about one kilogram of dried plants, i.e. 83,000 tons of medicinal plants worth 1,200 billion rials (about 29 million dollars in official rate of 42,000 rials) are consumed in the country, while in Europe this amount is 900 grams, and in the United States is 2.5 kilograms.

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Alvin J. Chase